Listed in reverse chronological order, but numbered in the order posted. For a view by topic, see Research.


Steven Abney. Inductive general grammar. Glossa: A Journal of General Linguistics, 6(1), 75. DOI: 2021.


Steven Abney and Ezra Keshet. Multi-threading semantics. Talk, presented at the 44th GLOW Colloquium. 2021 Apr 17.


Graham Neubig, Shruti Rijhwani, Alexis Palmer, Jordan MacKenzie, Hilaria Cruz, Xinjian Li, Matthew Lee, Aditi Chaudhary, Luke Gessler, Steven Abney, Shirley Anugrah Hayati, Antonios Anastasopoulos, Olga Zamaraeva, Emily Prud'hommeaux, Jennette Child, Sara Child, Rebecca Knowles, Sarah Moeller, Jeffrey Micher, Yiyuan Li, Sydney Zink, Mengzhou Xia, Roshan Sharma, Patrick Littell. A summary of the First Workshop on Language Technology for Language Documentation and Revitalization. 1st Joint Workshop of Spoken Language Technologies for Under-resourced languages and Collaboration and Computing for Under-Resourced Languages (SLTU-CCURL) LREC. 2020.


Steven Abney. CLD: Sofware for Computational Language Description. Draft. 2019 Aug 3.


Steven Abney. Adapting language parsing to automate score reduction. Talk, meeting of Music Theory @ MIDAS. 2019 May 15.


Steven Abney. Inductive general grammar. Manuscript. 2018 Oct 8.


Steven Abney. A bidirectional mapping between English and CNF-based reasoners. Proc. of the Society for Computation in Linguistics (SCIL), Vol. 1. 2017.


Abney, Steven. CLD: Software for analysis of Anishinaabemowin texts and recordings. 48th Annual Algonquian Conference. Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 2016.


Steven Abney. Textual corpora, treebanks, and the Human Language Project. Talk, HathiTrust Research Center Uncamp, Ann Arbor, 2015 March 30.


Steven Abney. Dependency parsing and Brown clustering. Talk, A2D-NLP meeting, Ann Arbor. 2015 March 27.


Ben King, Dragomir Radev, Steven Abney. Experiments in sentence language identification with groups of similar languages. Proceedings of VarDial: Applying NLP Tools to Similar Languages, Varieties, and Dialects, pp. 146-154. Dublin, Ireland. 2014.


Steven Abney. [Review of] Anders Søgaard: Semi-Supervised Learning and Domain Adaptation in Natural Language Processing. Machine Translation, 28.1(61-63). 2014. The version linked here is pre-publication; the final publication is available at


Steven Abney. Software for text data mining. Talk given at LSAIT Research Fair. University of Michigan. 2013 Oct 14.


Ben King and Steven Abney. Labeling the languages of words in mixed-language documents using weakly supervised methods. Proceedings of the 2013 Conference of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Human Language Technologies. 2013.


Steven Abney and Ezra Keshet. CNF as a semantic meta-language. Annual Meeting of the Linguistic Society of America. 2013.


Steven Abney and Steven Bird. Towards a data model for the Universal Corpus. Proceedings of the 4th Workshop on Building and Using Comparable Corpora, Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics. 2011.


Language Digitization. Write-up of a talk given at the University of Michigan. 2011 February.


Steven Abney and Steven Bird. The Human Language Project: Building a Universal Corpus of the world's languages. 48th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the Conference. 2010.


Steven Abney. The Human Language Project. Technical report, Deep Blue, University of Michigan. 2010.


Steven Abney. Statistical methods in language processing. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science. 2010.


Steven Abney. A problem with current generative parsing models. Workshop on the Role of Entropy in Language and Communication. Santa Fe Institute. 2010.


Steven Abney. Data-intensive experimental linguistics. Linguistic Issues in Language Technology (LILT). 2009. URL


Steven Abney. Elementary Theory of Language. Work in progress. 2009.


Victoria Fossum, Kevin Knight, and Steven Abney. Using syntax to improve word alignment for syntax-based statistical machine translation. Proceedings of the ACL Workshop on Machine Translation. 2008.


Steven Abney. A Universal Corpus. Talk given at Eastern Michigan University and at University of Michigan. 2007 March.


Steven Abney. Semisupervised Learning for Computational Linguistics. Chapman & Hall/CRC Computer Science & Data Analysis Series 8. CRC Press. 2007.


Computer Programming for Linguistics and Language Studies. Unpublished course materials. 2007.


Yang Ye, Victoria Fossum, and Steven Abney. Latent features in automatic tense translation between Chinese and English. Proceedings of the ACL SIGHAN Workshop. 2006.


Maxent. Unpublished tutorial. 2006.


Victoria Fossum and Steven Abney. Automatically inducing a part-of-speech tagger by projecting from multiple source languages across aligned corpora. Proceedings of IJCNLP. Lecture Notes in Computer Science 3651. Springer-Verlag. 2005.


Steven Abney. Understanding the Yarowsky Algorithm. Computational Linguistics 30(3). 2004. URL

Note: There is an error in the proof of Theorem 4: the equation following "To minimize K(x)" on p. 20 is incorrect. GholamReza Haffari and Anoop Sarkar give a corrected version, involving a related but different objective function.


Steven Abney. Linguistics and computational linguistics. Keynote talk given at TABU Day, Groningen. 2003 Jun 20.


Steven Abney. Bootstrapping and Language Documentation. Talk given at Rutgers Center for Cognitive Science. 2002.


Steven Abney. Bootstrapping. 40th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the Conference. 2002.


Martin Jansche and Steven Abney. Information Extraction from Voicemail Transcripts. Proceedings of EMNLP. 2002.


Steven Abney. Statistical methods. Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science, Nature Publishing Group, Macmillian. 2002.


Steven Abney. Review of Empirical Linguistics, Geoffrey Sampson. Computational Linguistics. 2002.


Steven Abney. Computing rule precision in bootstrapping. AT&T Labs Technical Document TD-52AQEW. 2001.


Steven Abney. Boosting for unlabelled data. Talk given at Johns Hopkins University. 2000.


Steven Abney. Boosting for unlabelled data. AT&T Labs Technical Document TD-4QGKH5. 2000.


Steven Abney, Michael Collins, and Amit Singhal. Answer Extraction. Applied Natural Language Processing (ANLP): Proceedings of the Conference. 2000.


Philipp Koehn, Steven Abney, Julia Hirschberg and Michael Collins. Improving intonational phrasing with syntactic information. 25th International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal processing (ICASSP). 2000.


Steven Abney, David McAllester, and Fernando Pereira. Relating Probabilistic Grammars and Automata. 37th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the Conference, pp. 542-549. 1999.


Steven Abney, Robert E. Schapire, and Yoram Singer. Boosting Applied to Tagging and PP Attachment. In: Pascale Fung and Joe Zhou (eds.), Proceedings of the 1999 Joint SIGDAT Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing and Very Large Corpora, pp. 38-45. 1999.


Steven Abney and Marc Light. Hiding a Semantic Class Hierarchy in a Markov Model In A. Kehler and A. Stolcke (eds.), Proceedings of ACL Workshop on Unsupervised Learning in Natural Language Processing, pp. 1-8. 1999. URL


Steven Abney. Stochastic Attribute-Value Grammars. Computational Linguistics 23(4):597-618. 1997.


Steven Abney. Partial Parsing via Finite-State Cascades. J. of Natural Language Engineering, 2(4): 337-344. 1996.


Steven Abney. Statistical Methods and Linguistics. In: Judith Klavans and Philip Resnik (eds.), The Balancing Act: Combining Symbolic and Statistical Approaches to Language. The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA. 1996.

Addendum: the Great Vowel Shift anecdote is due to James D. McCawley, "Dates in the Month of May that are of Interest to Linguists." Thanks to John Lawler for finding the citation!


Steven Abney. Partial Parsing via Finite-State Cascades. In Proceedings of the ESSLLI '96 Robust Parsing Workshop. 1996.


Steven Abney. Tagging and Partial Parsing. In: Ken Church, Steve Young, and Gerrit Bloothooft (eds.), Corpus-Based Methods in Language and Speech. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht. 1996.


Steven Abney. A Grammar of Projections. Unpublished manuscript. 1996.


Steven Abney. Chunk Stylebook. Unpublished manuscript. 1996.


Steven Abney. An Introduction to Information Theory. Unpublished tutorial. 1996.


Steven Abney. A Tutorial on Baum's Theorem. Unpublished tutorial. 1996.


Steven Abney. A Primer on Probability Theory. Unpublished tutorial. 1996.


Steven Abney. Cascaded Finite-State Parsing. Viewgraphs for a talk given at Xerox Research Centre, Grenoble, France. 1996.


Steven Abney. Chunks and Dependencies: Bringing Processing Evidence to Bear on Syntax. In: Computational Linguistics and the Foundations of Linguistic Theory. CSLI. 1995.


Steven Abney. Chunks and Dependencies and Human Sentence Processing. Viewgraphs for talk given at sentence processing workshop, Freiburg. 1995.


Steven Abney. Dependency Grammars and Context-Free Grammars. Unpublished write-up of a talk presented at the meeting of the Linguistic Society of America. 1995 January.


Steven Abney. Partial Parsing. Viewgraphs for a tutorial given at ANLP-94, Stuttgart. 1994.


Steven Abney and Mats Rooth. Partial Parsing and the Acquisition of Lexical Syntax and Semantics. Project proposal (approved), DFG SFB 340/B7. 1994.


Steven Abney. Parserauslastung und Universalien. Talk given at the Universität Freiburg. 1994.


Steven Abney. Reliability. In: Abstracts. Deutsche Gesellschaft für Sprachwissenschaft. 1993.


Steven Abney. Measures and Models for Phrase Recognition. In: Proceedings, ARPA Human Language Technologies Workshop. Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, San Mateo, CA. 1993.


Steven Abney. Prosodic Structure, Performance Structure and Phrase Structure. In: Proceedings, Speech and Natural Language Workshop, pp.425-428. Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, San Mateo, CA. 1992.


Steven Abney. Review of Giorgi and Longobardi, The Syntax of Noun Phrases. Journal of Linguistics, 28(2). 1992.


Laurence Brothers, James D. Hollan, Jakob Nielsen, Scott Stornetta, Steven Abney, George Furnas, and Michael Littman. Supporting informal communication via ephemeral interest groups. In Proceedings of: Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW'92). 1992.


Kevin Mark, Michael Miller, Ulf Grenander, and Steven Abney. Parameter estimation for constrained context-free language models. In Proceedings of the Fifth DARPA Workshop on Speech and Natural Language. Morgan Kaufman, San Mateo, CA. 1992.


E. Black, S. Abney, D. Flickinger, C. Gdaniec, R. Grishman, P. Harrison, D. Hindle, R. Ingria, F. Jelinek, J. Klavans, M. Liberman, M. Marcus, S. Roukos, B. Santorini, and T. Strzalkowski. A procedure for quantitatively comparing the syntactic coverage of English grammars. In Proceedings of the DARPA Speech and Natural Language Workshop, 306-311. Morgan Kaufman, San Mateo, CA. 1991.


Steven Abney and Mark Johnson. Memory Requirements and Local Ambiguities of Parsing Strategies. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research 20(3):233-250. 1991.


Steven Abney. Parsing By Chunks. In: Robert Berwick, Steven Abney and Carol Tenny (eds.), Principle-Based Parsing. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht. 1991.


Robert Berwick, Steven Abney, and Carol Tenny, editors. Principle-Based Parsing. Kluwer Academic Publishers. 1991.


Charles Clifton, Jr., Shari Speer, and Steven Abney. Parsing arguments: Phrase structure and argument structure as determinants of initial parsing decisions. Journal of Memory and Language, 30:251-271. 1991.


Steven Abney. Chunks, Dependencies, and English as a Finite-State Language. Talk given at the University of Pittsburgh. 1991 January.


Steven Abney. Syntactic Affixation and Performance Structures. In: D. Bouchard and K. Leffel (eds.), Views on Phrase Structure. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht. 1990.


Steven Abney. Rapid Incremental Parsing with Repair. In: Proceedings of the 6th New OED Conference: Electronic Text Research, pp.1-9. University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario. 1990.


Steven Abney. Principle-based parsing. In Proceedings of the Twelfth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science, Hillsdale NJ. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. 1990.


Steven Abney. Parsing By Chunks. In: Carol Tenny (ed.), The MIT Parsing Volume, 1988-89. Center for Cognitive Science, MIT. 1989.


Steven Abney, editor. The MIT Parsing Volume, 1987-88. Center for Cognitive Science, MIT. 1989.


Steven Abney. A Computational Model of Human Parsing. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research 18(1). 1989.


Steven Abney. On the Notions 'GB Parser' and 'Psychological Reality'. In: Steven Abney (ed.), MIT Parsing Volume, 1987-88. Center for Cognitive Science, MIT. 1988.


Steven Abney. Extraction and Pseudo-Objects in Berber. In: Mohamed Guerssel and Kenneth Hale (eds.), Studies in Berber Syntax, pp.21-33. Center for Cognitive Science, MIT, Cambridge, MA. 1987.


Steven Abney. Licensing and Parsing. In: Proceedings of NELS 17, pp.1-15. Graduate Students Linguistics Association (GLSA), University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA. 1987.


Steven Abney. The English Noun Phrase in its Sentential Aspect. Doctoral dissertation, MIT, Cambridge, MA. 1987.

The introductory chapter appeared in 2006 in the collection Syntax: Critical Concepts in Linguistics. Volume I: Phrase Structure. (Robert Frieden and Howard Lasnik, eds, Routledge, London and New York.)


Steven Abney. Functional Elements and Licensing. Paper presented at GLOW, Gerona, Spain. 1986.


Steven Abney and Jennifer Cole. A Government-Binding Parser. In: Proceedings of NELS 16, pp.1-17. Graduate Linguistic Students' Association, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA. 1986.


Steven Abney. The Design of an Actor-Based Government-Binding Parser. Internal memo, Apiary Project, MIT AI Lab. 1986.


Steven Abney. Functor Theory and Licensing Conditions: Toward elimination of the base. Unpublished manuscript. 1985.


Steven Abney. Consonant strengthening in Soninke. Talk given at the 13th Annual Conference on African Linguistics, Montreal. 1982.